The creation of the scientific park is due to the private grouping, with a non lucrative goal, acting in liaison with the Alpes Maritimes department.
The park has developed at a continuous manner for more than 30 years
Today there are more than 1 260 corporate names, and around 25 911 jobs. 1 326 jobs have been created and around 30 new companies implanted between July 2001 to January 2003.
Formed and commercialised in 1969 by a GIE with a non lucrative goal, the programme of the creation of a scientific park was extended thanks to the maintained will of active forces of the Alpes-Maritimes department, of the State, of the PACA region as well as the 5 initial communes (Biot, Valbonne, Mougins, Vallauris and Antibes) of whose terrain forms the 2 400 hectors of today.
Four other communes joined them to contribute to the project of the extension of the park: Villeneuve-Loubet, La Colle-sur-Loup, Opio, Roquefort-les-Pins.
There are near to 1276 corporate names, and 26 635 direct jobs have been created in a park where nature is respected.
The University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis and the CNRS with their multiple laboratories and research and training institutes, the IUT and the IUP, form a competitiveness cluster in harmony with the knowledge and the know-how of the site.
The engineering schools and research organisms (Ecole National Supérieure des Mines, ESINSA, ESSI, INRIA, INRA, Institut EUROCOM, Institut Théseus, CERMICS, CERAM Sophia Antipolis etc.), and the continuous training institutes (CNAM, CPA Méditerranée, GRETA Antipolis, Office international de l’eau), consolidate the strategic vision of Sophia Antipolis in the subject matter of training.
The biotechnology - health - agricultural chemistry competitiveness cluster, groups together 60 companies of which the corporate names are: Rhône-Poulenc Agro, Dow Agrosciences, SmithKline Beecham Clinical Laboratories, Rohm and Haas, Dow Corning, NMT Neurosciences Implants S.A, Allergan Europe. The research is eminently represented by the Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology Institute), CNRS.
The presence of these research centres and these “locomotive” companies provoked the arrival of little and medium sized companies that were attracted by the excellent interface (CNEVA Sophia Antipolis, the Cird-Galderma, Laboratoires MXM, FDM Pharma, Cerdic, Codan France, Laboratoire ElaiaPharm etc.). The European Cardiology Corporation set up its corporate headquarters in the park. ECOR, the European House of the Heart welcomes the best European Cardiologists at the time of their seminars and information sessions. Numerous medical databases relate new information and health technologies.
The new energies, environment and earth sciences count up 250 jobs, spread out between public and private institutions and SMEs. In the first two categories we report the Blue Plan for the Mediterranean, the ADEME, the CSTB, IMRA Europe etc.
Amongst the little companies that are focused towards research there are: Istar for the applied stereo imaging, ACRI for space and environment, SIGMA advice consultants in energy, environment, buildings and new technologies, Geoimage for the treatment of satellite or aerial images applied to digital cartography.
The Information technology-electronics-telecommunications cluster represents 25% of companies of the site and nearly 50% of the jobs.
We note the presence of a large number of renowned French and foreign companies such as Air France, Amadeus Development Company, Bouygues Telecom, ETSI, France Telecom, Legrand, SEMA Group Telecom, Siemens, Shiva, Atos Ingénierie Intégration etc.
The density that constitutes all these companies is the core of the Club Telecom Valley.Aérospatiale, IBM and Texas Instruments that are set up in the close surroundings of the park are also members of the Telecom Valley.